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He aha ka glucose koko maʻamau?

Wā: 2022-11-08 Hits: 15

Hoʻomaka koke nā hōʻailona maʻi diabetes type 1 a ʻo ia ke kumu o ka nānā ʻana i ke kiʻekiʻe o ke kō koko. Ma muli o ka hele mālie ʻana o nā hōʻailona o nā ʻano maʻi diabetes ʻē aʻe a me ka prediabetes a ʻaʻole hiki ke maʻalahi ke ʻike, ua kūkulu ka American Diabetes Association (ADA) i nā alakaʻi hōʻike. Manaʻo ka ADA e nānā ʻia nā poʻe ma lalo nei no ka maʻi diabetes:

ʻO kēlā me kēia me ka helu helu kino i ʻoi aku ma mua o 25 (23 no ʻAmelika ʻAmelika), me ka ʻole o kona mau makahiki, he mau kumu pilikia hou aʻe. ʻO kēia mau mea e pili ana i ke koko kiʻekiʻe, nā pae cholesterol maʻamau ʻole, ka nohona hana ʻole, ka mōʻaukala o ka polycystic ovary syndrome a i ʻole ka maʻi puʻuwai, a me kahi pili pili me ka maʻi diabetes.

ʻO ka mea ʻoi aʻe ma mua o 35 mau makahiki e ʻōlelo ʻia e kiʻi i kahi kānana koko koko mua. Inā maʻamau nā hopena, pono e nānā ʻia i kēlā me kēia ʻekolu makahiki ma hope o kēlā.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia nā wahine i loaʻa i ka maʻi diabetes gestational e nānā ʻia no ka maʻi diabetes i kēlā me kēia ʻekolu makahiki.

ʻO ka mea i ʻike ʻia me ka prediabetes e ʻōlelo ʻia e hoʻāʻo ʻia i kēlā me kēia makahiki.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ka poʻe i loaʻa i ka maʻi HIV e hoʻāʻo.

Nā hoʻāʻo no ka maʻi diabetes type 1 a me ke ʻano 2 a me ka prediabetes

Hoʻāʻo ʻia ka hemoglobin glycated (A1C). ʻO kēia hoʻāʻo koko, ʻaʻole pono e ʻai ʻole no kekahi manawa (hoʻokē ʻai), e hōʻike ana i kou kiʻekiʻe o ke kō koko maʻamau no nā mahina 2 a 3 i hala. He ana ia i ka pākēneka o ke kō koko i hoʻopili ʻia i ka hemoglobin, ka pūmua lawe oxygen i loko o nā ʻulaʻula.


ʻO ke kiʻekiʻe o ke kō koko koko, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka hemoglobin e loaʻa iā ʻoe me ke kō i hoʻopili ʻia. ʻO ka pae A1C o 6.5% a i ʻole ma luna o ʻelua mau hoʻokolohua ʻokoʻa ʻo ia ka mea he maʻi maʻi maʻi. ʻO ka A1C ma waena o 5.7% a me 6.4% ʻo ia ka mea he prediabetes kāu. Ma lalo o 5.7% ka mea maʻamau.


ʻO ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i ke kō koko. E lawe ʻia kahi laʻana koko i ka manawa like ʻole. ʻAʻohe mea i ka wā āu i ʻai ai, ʻo ke kiʻekiʻe o ke kō koko o 200 milligrams no ka deciliter (mg/dL) — 11.1 millimoles no ka lita (mmol/L) — a i ʻole ke kiʻekiʻe e hōʻike ana i ka maʻi diabetes.

Hoʻokē koko koko hoʻāʻo. E lawe ʻia kahi laʻana koko ma hope o kou ʻai ʻole ʻana i kekahi mea i ka pō ma mua (wikiwiki). He mea maʻamau ka pae kōpaʻa koko hoʻokēʻai ma lalo o 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L). ʻO ka pae kōpaʻa koko hoʻokēʻai mai 100 a 125 mg/dL (5.6 a 6.9 mmol/L) i manaʻo ʻia he prediabetes. Inā he 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) a ʻoi aʻe paha ma nā hoʻokolohua ʻelua, ua loaʻa iā ʻoe ka maʻi diabetes.

ʻO ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i ka glucose waha. No kēia ho'āʻo, hoʻokē ʻai ʻoe i ka pō. A laila, ana ʻia ka pae koko koko hoʻokēʻai. A laila inu ʻoe i kahi wai kō, a hoʻāʻo mau ʻia ke kiʻekiʻe o ke kō koko no nā hola ʻelua e hiki mai ana.


He mea maʻamau ka pae kō koko ma lalo o 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L). ʻO ka heluhelu ʻana i ʻoi aku ma mua o 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) ma hope o ʻelua mau hola ʻo ia ka mea he maʻi diabetes ʻoe. ʻO ka heluhelu ʻana ma waena o 140 a me 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L a me 11.0 mmol/L) ʻo ia ka mea he prediabetes kāu.


Nā kumu: Mayoclinic