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Wagonjwa wa kisukari wanahusika na maambukizo ya virusi vya riwaya

Muda: 2020-02 20- Hits: 123

Since the end of  Dec, 2019, a severe pneumonia of unknown epidemiology broke out in Wuhan. On Jan, 2020, the cause of the pneumonia was determined to be a novel coronavirus. The totally confirmed cases on the Chinese mainland had reached 74,282 by the end of Feb 19, and among them, 14,770 patients have been cured.


China has stepped up efforts to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus. A lot of the researches of the novel coronavirus has been obtained at the same time. According to Chinese journal of Epidemiology reported, by Feb 11, of 44,672 confirmed cases, 10.5% for patients with cardiovascular disease, diabetes (7.3%), hypertension (6.0%).


Large fluctuation blood glucose levels can weaken the diabetic's immune system defenses such as decrease the number of CD3+T cells, imbalance the ratio of CD4+/CD8+T cells, reduce the NKT cells activity. The guidelines on vaccine prevention and treatment of seasonal influenza issued by the (American) CDC & Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (2013-2014) pointed out that people with metabolic diseases (diabetes) are at high risk for epidemic. The previous guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of epidemic issued by the National Health Commission (2011 edition) indicated that patients with chronic disease are more likely to develop severe cases after infection with influenza.


Kwa hivyo, wagonjwa wa kisukari wanahusika na maambukizo ya riwaya ya coronavirus.


Virusi vinaweza kusababisha uharibifu wa kudumu kwa mwili wa binadamu, na watu wenye ugonjwa wa kisukari, pamoja na maambukizo ya janga, huweza kusababisha hyperglycemia isiyoweza kudhibiti, ambayo inazidisha maambukizi, ikageuka kuwa mduara mbaya baadaye.


Mbaya zaidi, hypoglycemia pia ni shida kubwa ya ugonjwa wa sukari. Ikiwa athari ya hyperglycemia imehesabiwa katika miaka, athari ya hypoglycemia lazima ihesabiwe kwa dakika.


Ili kukidhi mahitaji ya kuzuia mlipuko wa ugonjwa huo, wanaopiga sukari wanafaa kukaa nyumbani kwa muda mrefu, shughuli za nje zimepungua sana, na hata pamoja na lishe isiyo ya kawaida. Mabadiliko haya yanaweza kuongeza kushuka kwa kiwango cha sukari ya damu.


Kwa wagonjwa wa T2DM, haswa wagonjwa wazee (zaidi ya miaka 70), hypoglycemia daima huambatana na kushuka kwa kiwango kikubwa cha sukari ya damu, na kuongezeka kwa viwango vya sukari ya damu kunaweza pia kusababisha hypoglycemia ya asymptomatic, hypoglycemia kali na hypoglycemia ya nocturn.


Kwa hivyo, hatua muhimu ya usimamizi wa ugonjwa wa sukari wakati wa janga la ugonjwa wa riwaya ni kuimarisha elimu ya wagonjwa wa sukari, fanya kazi nzuri katika kujilinda nyumbani, kupunguza hatari ya kuambukizwa iwezekanavyo, na usimamie kiwango cha sukari ya damu vizuri , kaa lishe yenye afya na wakati wa kulala / wakati wa kupanda.


Kuzuia harakati za watu, kuzuia mawasiliano ya karibu na wageni, kunawa mikono / kuvalia masks kwa masafa ya juu kunaweza kusaidia kupunguza janga hili kwa ufanisi.