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Isifo Sikashukela

Iyini i-glucose yegazi evamile?

Isikhathi: 2022-11-08 Hits: 7

Izimpawu zesifo sikashukela soHlobo loku-1 zivame ukuqala ngokuzumayo futhi ngokuvamile ziyisizathu sokuhlola amazinga kashukela egazini. Ngenxa yokuthi izimpawu zezinye izinhlobo zesifo sikashukela kanye ne-prediabetes zivela kancane kancane noma kungase kungabi lula ukuzibona, i-American Diabetes Association (ADA) ithuthukise iziqondiso zokuhlola. I-ADA incoma ukuthi laba bantu abalandelayo bahlolelwe isifo sikashukela:

Noma ubani onenkomba yesisindo somzimba engaphezu kuka-25 (23 kubantu base-Asian American), kungakhathaliseki ubudala, onezici zobungozi ezengeziwe. Lezi zici zihlanganisa umfutho wegazi ophakeme, amazinga e-cholesterol angajwayelekile, indlela yokuphila engasebenzi, umlando we-polycystic ovary syndrome noma isifo senhliziyo, nokuba nesihlobo esiseduze esinesifo sikashukela.

Noma ubani oneminyaka engaphezu kuka-35 uyalulekwa ukuthi ahlolelwe ushukela wegazi okokuqala. Uma imiphumela ijwayelekile, kufanele ihlolwe njalo eminyakeni emithathu ngemva kwalokho.

Abesifazane abake baba nesifo sikashukela ngesikhathi sokukhulelwa bayelulekwa ukuthi bahlolelwe isifo sikashukela njalo eminyakeni emithathu.

Noma ngubani okutholakale ukuthi une-prediabetes uyalulekwa ukuthi ahlolwe njalo ngonyaka.

Noma ubani one-HIV uyelulekwa ukuba ahlolwe.

Ukuhlolwa kohlobo 1 nohlobo 2 sikashukela kanye ne-prediabetes

Ukuhlolwa kwe-Glycated hemoglobin (A1C). Lokhu kuhlolwa kwegazi, okungadingi ukuthi ungadli isikhathi esithile (ukuzila ukudla), kubonisa izinga likashukela egazini elimaphakathi ezinyangeni ezimbili kuya kwezingu-2 ezedlule. Ikala iphesenti likashukela egazini elixhunywe ku-hemoglobin, iphrotheni ethwala umoya-mpilo emangqamuzaneni abomvu egazi.


Lapho amazinga kashukela egazi ekhuphuka, yilapho uzoba ne-hemoglobin eyengeziwe noshukela onamathiselwe. Izinga le-A1C elingu-6.5% noma ngaphezulu ekuhlolweni okubili okuhlukene lisho ukuthi unesifo sikashukela. I-A1C phakathi kuka-5.7% no-6.4% isho ukuthi une-prediabetes. Ngaphansi kuka-5.7% kuthathwa njengokujwayelekile.


Ukuhlola ushukela wegazi okungahleliwe. Isampula yegazi izothathwa ngesikhathi esingahleliwe. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ugcine nini ukudla, izinga likashukela egazini elingamamiligremu angu-200 ngedesilitha ngayinye (mg/dL) - amamilimitha angu-11.1 ilitha (mmol/L) - noma ngaphezulu lisikisela isifo sikashukela.

Ukuhlolwa kokuzila ushukela wegazi. Isampula legazi lizothathwa ngemva kokuba ungadlanga lutho ngobusuku bangaphambilini (ngokushesha). Izinga likashukela wegazi lokuzila ukudla elingaphansi kuka-100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) lijwayelekile. Izinga likashukela egazini elizila ukudla lisuka ku-100 liye ku-125 mg/dL (5.6 kuya ku-6.9 mmol/L) libhekwa njengesandulela ngculazi. Uma kungu-126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) noma ngaphezulu ekuhlolweni okubili okuhlukene, unesifo sikashukela.

Ukuhlolwa kokubekezelela i-glucose ngomlomo. Ukuze wenze lokhu kuhlolwa, uzila ukudla ubusuku bonke. Khona-ke, izinga likashukela wegazi lokuzila liyalinganiswa. Bese uphuza uketshezi olunoshukela, futhi amazinga kashukela egazini ahlolwa njalo emahoreni amabili alandelayo.


Izinga likashukela egazini elingaphansi kuka-140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) lijwayelekile. Ukufunda okungaphezu kuka-200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) ngemva kwamahora amabili kusho ukuthi unesifo sikashukela. Uma ufunda phakathi kuka-140 no-199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L kanye no-11.0 mmol/L) kusho ukuthi une-prediabetes.


Imithombo:Mayoclinic